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The FRAP Framework

1. Define the problem

Why does the problem need to be addressed? What is Council’s role? Use high qualitative risk assessment to prioritise problem and hazard assessment for more in depth quantitative analysis if required.

2. Set the objective

What is Council trying to achieve? Quantitative goals or targets may be a useful part of objective setting.

3. Identify options

What are the options for achieving our objective? Options could involve multiple individual actions. Filter out unrealistic or unviable options before undertaking full assessment.

4. Assess options

What is the best option or options in economic or (includes market and non-market costs and benefits) and financial (costs to Council only) terms? Techniques available include cost benefit analysis, cost effectiveness assessment and threshold analysis.

5. Factor in climate change and risk

What are the implications of climate change for results of the analysis? Use scenario analysis, sensitivity analysis or more complex techniques such as Monte Carlo simulation.

6. Select and implement preferred option

What is the preferred option? How should it be implemented? The analysis of options will point to the preferred option but is not the only consideration. Other considerations include funding of the option, equity and feasibility. An implementation plan should be developed covering funding, timing, responsibilities, and monitoring & review.

Engagement & Buy In

For many issues identified during the case study it will be important to engage stakeholders and the broader community over the course of the process.

By going through the steps in the framework, Councils have met prerequisites for an initial business case that can be used to seek internal or external funding for the preferred option.

A workbook with guidelines for councils to follow the FRAP process is available for download. Download: Workbook Guidelines V3